“natural gas … a green triumph”

Fracking to save the environment, not that it’s (CO2) the problem in the first place. Natural gas, clean and cheap, is making miracles in reducing soot and particulates:

FRACKING, WHICH OBAMA OPPOSED, IS DOING MORE TO CLEAN UP THE ENVIRONMENT THAN ANY GOVERNMENT PROGRAM: This Is The Year That Shale Gas Passes Coal:

2016 is shaping up to be a year for the record books: the Energy Information Administration is anticipating that this year, for the first time ever, natural gas will displace coal as America’s largest source of electricity generation. . . .

Natural gas emits just half as much greenhouse gases as coal, and far fewer of the dangerous local pollutants that can lead to the sorts of toxic smog choking China’s megacities. The fact, then, that natural gas is increasing its market share at the expense of coal is a green triumph.

It’s especially noteworthy because it’s being driven by market forces, not lavish government subsidies. The shale revolution has created a domestic glut of natural gas here in the U.S., and that’s helped depress spot prices here well below $2 per million Btu (among the cheapest prices in the world). Fracking is dethroning Old King Coal, and that controversial drilling practice deserves more credit for the environmental good it’s doing.

Market forces don’t offer the opportunities for graft that “lavish government subsidies” do. Hence the appeal of the latter to our corrupt political class.

Fracking in WA for gas

Fracking in WA for gas

Shell Prelude has almost completed it’s new LNG floating platform off the NWcoast of Australia:

Royal Dutch Shell’s Prelude FLNG is the first floating liquefied natural gas platform in the world. Besides, it is well known for being the largest offshore facility ever built up to date and is a marine engineering masterpiece. Construction of the Prelude is performed by Samsung Heavy Industries South Korea.

Shell Prelude FLNG is the first floating liquefied natural gas platform & largest offshore facility in the world. Tweet this!

Prelude FLNG

Here are some facts that you really should know about this stunning architecture.

Dimensions wise, this facility is so massive that it is almost 88 metres longer than the world’s biggest ship – Maersk Mc-Kinny Moller. Its width of 74m is even bigger than a Boeing 747′s wingspan whereas its height (its relatively less impressive metric) is still taller than the iconic Big Ben in London and the Statue of Liberty in U.S.

Shell Prelude FLNG is 488m long, and its deck is longer than 4 football fields laid end to end. Tweet this!

More than 6700 Horsepower thrusters are used to position the facility. An impressive amount of 50 million litres of water is used every hour for cooling the LNG. Its Liquefied Natural Gas production capacity is expected to be at 3.6 million metric tons per annum.

The Prelude FLNG has a storage that equals 175 Olympic sized swimming pools. Tweet this!

BBC News reported that analysts told Reuters that the cost of building the Prelude FLNG is estimated to be between $10.8 billion and $12.6 billion.

Shell Prelude FLNG is estimated to cost around $10.8bn to $12.6bn, according to analysts. Tweet this!

Natural gas will be extracted from wells and liquified by cooling it down to about -162 degrees celsius. The entire industry is excited of its innovation that removes the need for pipelining systems to land-based processing plants to produce LNG. The ability to produce liquified natural gas in sea is an incredible innovation. Liquified Natural Gas will then be offloaded to LNG Carriers. This has never been done before due to the sophistication and complexion of processing equipments, and fitting all of them into a single facility seemed impossible for many years. Shell claimed that research has been carried out for more than 10 years to make this project a reality.

FLNG MAX blog

After about 14 months of construction, the 200,000 tonne facility floats out to the sea for second phase of construction in December 2013. Check this video out to see the launching of this incredible project:

Drilling is expected to begin in 2017 where this floating facility will be deployed at 200km off the coasts of Australia in the Prelude and Concerto gas fields. It is said that it has a planned life expectancy of 25 years.

We are awaiting its completion where history will be made again.

Infographic credits to Shell & MaritimeInsight.com. Special thanks to GasTechNews.com for extensive features to help us understand the prelude project.

About Tom Harley

Amateur ecologist and horticulturalist and CEO of Kimberley Environmental Horticulture Inc. (Tom Harley) Kimberley Environmental Horticulture Incorporated Kimberley Environmental Horticulture (KEH) is a small group of committed individuals who promote the use of indigenous plants for the landscaping of parks and gardens. Rehabilitation of Kimberley coast, bushland and pastoral regions are also high on our agenda. This includes planting seedlings, weed control, damage from erosion or any other environmental matter that comes to our attention. We come from all walks of life, from Professionals and Trades oriented occupations, Pensioners and Students, Public Servants and the Unemployed. We have a community plant nursery where we trial many old and new species, with a view to incorporating these into our landscaping trials. Our labour force are mainly volunteers, but with considerable help from the 'work for the dole' program, Indigenous Community Development Employment Program (CDEP) groups and the Ministry of Justice, with their community work orders; in this way we manage to train many people in the horticultural skills needed for indigenous plant growing. We constantly undertake field trips that cover seed and plant collection in the Kimberley. Networking around the Kimberley region and the east Pilbara is a necessary part of promoting our activities. We consult on a range of Environmental and Landscaping matters that deal with our region. Our activities involve improving Broome's residential streetscapes by including 'waterwise' priciples in planting out nature strips. Sustainable environmental horticulture is practised by members of our group. We use existing vegetation as the backbone of any plantings, using these species to advantage when planning to develop tree forms or orchards. The Broome region is sensitive to development. Subsequently many weed species have become dominant in and around developed areas. The use and movement of heavy machinery is the biggest single cause of environmental degradation. We dont live in a 'Tropical Paradise' but on the edge of the Great Sandy Desert. The plants that survive best here, grow in well-drained pindan sand, and are found from the Dampier Peninsular southward to where average rainfall is below 600mm. When we use rainforest species, detail is important when planting, water catchment, sunlight and understorey species are all considered. The use of recycled 'grey' water is an advantage here as well as treated waste-water, although many local species do not fare well with nutrients from this source. We use waterwise planting methods which include harvesting asmuch rainwater as possible, with swales designed to hold up to 200 litres, to help recharge the local groundwater aquifer. There has been a serious decline in this aquifer over the last few years. With the fast expansion of the Broome peninsular, more and more land is being covered by concrete, iron and bitumen so that much less water is available to replenish the aquifer, allowing the salt content to become significantly higher. The small Broome Peninsular is on the south-western corner of the Dampier Peninsular (bound by Broome, Derby and Cape Leveque at the northern tip). Compaction by vehicles also inhibits water retention due to the content of our local pindan sand, hard as concrete in the dry, going to soft and sloppy mud after rain. None of us are botanists, inevitably we have got some names wrong, names changed, or have not gone to sub-species level. If you note a photo or description may be wrong, please e-mail to kimenvhort@yahoo.com.au
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