the modern miracle of petroleum …

Back in the late 1800s, the horse-drawn carriage became a preferred mode of transportation in major cities. By 1890, the average New York citizen took 297 horse car rides per year. The 200,000 horses of New York deposited three to six million pounds of manure in stables and on streets each day.

Fossil fuels, the lifesaver of civilization. Saved New York from being buried in poo:

Petroleum:  A Magnificent Material Much Maligned

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“framing and normative messaging” … climate psychology poppycock

Agenda driven pseudo-science at Australian Universities. Public support found in how you pose the question

 Really, is that what climate science has fallen down to. Promoting propaganda, the Psychology Departments’ “structuring the message differently”.

"When the costs of reducing Australia's emissions were framed as a foregone-gain, people were willing to reduce Australia's emissions by a greater extent as it was clear that incomes will continue to rise with emission cuts," Dr Hurlstone says. “When the costs of reducing Australia’s emissions were framed as a foregone-gain, people were willing to reduce Australia’s emissions by a greater extent as it was clear that incomes will continue to rise with emission cuts,” Dr Hurlstone says. Image: Louis Vest

CHANGING the way information about emission reduction costs is communicated as well as sharing information about fellow Australian’s policy preferences can increase public support for higher emission cuts, according to recent research.

UWA and UNSW psychologists set out to explore ways to encourage public willingness for climate-mitigation measures considering the low level of public support to prioritise climate policies.

UWA School of Psychology A/Prof Mark Hurlstone says a major factor in our resistance to reducing emissions is that we have an inflated perception of the cost, illustrated through the repealed carbon pricing scheme.

“The concerted efforts of vested industries and political groups here to cast doubt on climate science has undoubtedly led many Australian’s to erroneously conclude that taking action to reduce emissions is unnecessary,” he says.

The Professor  and the researchers need a wake-up call! Normative messaging? Information manipulated? Seems like ‘climastrology’ to me.

The researchers tested two interventions to this issue; framing and normative messaging.

Framing theory proposes people’s perception of and subsequent choices about information can be manipulated by structuring the message differently.

They randomly assigned 120 participants across an ‘actual loss’ versus a ‘forgone-gain’ condition.

In the loss condition, participants were shown the cost to the average Australian income in 2020 under different emission cut options, encouraging them to consider these with reference to their current income level.

For example, “reducing Australia’s emissions will cost on average $1,000 per person in 2020.”

It gets worse, “reducing perceived costliness and increasing consensus.”

Future costs considered

In contrast, the ‘forgone-gain’ condition revealed the current average income, the expected average income in 2020 with no emission cuts, and the expected average income under different emission cut options.

The cost was thus framed as a slower increase in future incomes, for example, “reducing Australia’s emissions will cause incomes to rise by $5,000 per person on average in 2020, compared to $6,000 without emission cuts”.

“When the costs of reducing Australia’s emissions were framed as a foregone-gain, people were willing to reduce Australia’s emissions by a greater extent as it was clear that incomes will continue to rise with emission cuts,” Dr Hurlstone says.

Normative messaging, the influence of perceived social norms on people’s preferences, was also tested by showing participants information about the emission policy preferences of other Australians

“Providing information about the policy preferences of a peer group [whose] members exhibited a preference for strong emission reductions raised the amount they were prepared to reduce Australia’s emissions, compared to a group that received no such information.”

A/Prof Hurlstone says both framing and normative messaging can raise support for emission reductions by reducing perceived costliness and increasing consensus.

This seems like another Psych travesty from Australian Universities, aka Lewpaper!

 

[…] this example of a University obstructing the replication of science, through the censorship of data release, or not release, as in this case, from the University of Western Australia. Is psychology science or nonsense. If science can’t be replicated, then it’s nonsense!

See here, too: now at the University of Bristol.

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exaggerating the cyclonic narrative …

Once again, reality overtakes the hype. Exaggerations are the name of the game for the media/BoM conglomerate. Wishful thinking perhaps, and nothing said about the billions the rain is worth to the rural sector: Where are the category 5 wind gust observations for Cyclone Marcia?

The BoM rates Marcia as a Cat 5 now – yet the strongest wind gusts I can find are 208kmh at Middle Percy Island at 4.30am. which indicates Cat 3.
ABC News24 is quoting wind gusts 300kmh – the Qld Premier is on news quoting 280kmh wind gusts. […]

Warwick Hughes has more at the link.

Cyclone Lam (Cat4) had a wind gust at 170kmh at Cape Wessel, and 150kmh at Elcho Island, which is what you would expect from a Cat 2 or 3 cyclone. More wishful thinking, expecting stronger gusts?

Another rainfall bonanza for the top end!

???????????????????????????????Update: https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=10152738798836915&set=gm.411934912315668&type=1&theater

"FYI"
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disconnected Green minds …

Eeek: Claim: ‘A Look At The Utopian Minds Of Environmentalists Shows Derangement, Confusion And Reality-Disconnect’

I must admit, my own take would be less severe, so let’s have a look: […]

Evans admits that his utopia was doomed to failure. It attracted only idealists and disaffected romantics when what was needed were people with practical skills… […]

…the small group began to disintegrate. One member even started to invent his own religion, building a shrine. […]

He himself was soon fed up with sleeping under rancid fleece blankets  … the sanitary arrangements were grotesque. […]

It soon became apparent that ‘the whole experiment had been a huge mistake’. […]

Evans was eventually detained under the Mental Health Act in a maximum security psychiatric hospital. […]

He fretted unduly about global warming and ‘the looming energy crisis’… Evans, the doctors concluded, was already craving the abyss and in the throes of panic-attacks and a breakdown.”

If the story of Evans tells us anything, it is that it vividly illustrates how far out to lunch academics in the ivory towers can sometimes become. Why on earth would policymakers ever listen to their loony utopian ideas to begin with? Evans just proved that its all lunacy.

The claim was right. Read the whole thing.

It’s contagious:

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warming is better …

It’s time the followers of AGW put their money where their mouth is. Move, now!

Global Warming Experts : Parroting The Same BS For Over 100 Years

ScreenHunter_7276 Feb. 18 15.01ScreenHunter_7278 Feb. 18 15.04 The Pueblo Leader

…You see, a hundred years ago, warming was a good thing. It still is, despite the ‘agenda’. It says so, in 1913:

More than 100 years ago, the father of global warming was saying the same mindless BS we hear now. Millions of people moving to Antarctica, Canada getting hot, blah, blah, blah blah. The only difference is that he thought it was a good thing.

(Steven Goddard)

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significant role of nitrogen …

berkeley5d 038

Thunderstorms, adding nitrogen to forest floors.

Added Nitrogen to the forest floor accumulates more carbon in the soils. New research looks at the use of nitrogen in forests, in this long term study:

Carbon Sequestration in Forest Soils: The Role of Added Nitrogen (17 February 2015)
Does it help or hinder? … or does it play no significant role at all? It does. In this study of two temperate forest stands it was found that “nitrogen-induced soil carbon accumulation is of equal or greater magnitude to carbon stored in trees”…

(co2science)

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Obama’s Harvard bundler buddy, busted …

Chevron finally wins. Activists have been dogging the Company for years over it’s Ecuador operations, now it’s come back to bite, and hard.

Financial backer of Chevron Shakedown abandons ship, settles in court

Feb 17, 2015 6:01 PM by Jazz Shaw

“I was misled”

The dawn of 2015 has proved to be a busy period in the Great Chevron Shakedown case. Having already beaten the Ecuadorian officials who began it and the environmental activists in the United States who supported it, Chevron went after New York attorney Steven Donziger. That unfortunate soul was eventually found liable for RICO violations, but the action hasn’t stopped yet. Now one of the “investors” who backed the cost of the extensive, fraudulent attempt to pick the energy giant’s pockets in exchange for a cut of the proceeds has had to settle in court, abandoning his long time friend Donziger and admitting that he had been “misled” into a fraudulent exercise.

Facebook activists were hammering Chevron over the false charges, costing the company billions in lost business. About time the fraudsters were hit in their own pocket. Misled? Sure he was/sarc.

Three years ago, this post on catching the fraud stands out.

[…] Sounds like a criminal enterprise to extort, right? That’s what Chevron thinks, and it’s why they’re suing under RICO.

In addition to being sued, Maest’s work (if that’s what you want to call it) was thouroughly debunked by another team of scientists.

It is hardly a surprise that Donziger is an old Harvard buddy of, you guessed it, President Obama. What’s really surprising is that here we have a National Academy of Science member caught red-handed agreeing to make up data, and our government wants to give her more business.mont_royal_cross_greenpeace

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elevated CO2 is a desirable change … warmly welcomed

The Positive Impact of Elevated CO2 on Sunflower Seed Production[…] Just as is found for most all food crops, the yield of sunflower seed oil is significantly enhanced by atmospheric CO2 enrichment, as is the quality of the oil.

Additional atmospheric CO2 improves the quality and yield of all oil seed crops, says latest research into the impact of extra CO2 emissions, by significant margins:

[…] Based on the results of the many measurements they made throughout the crop’s growth and post-harvest, Pal et al. found that (1) the CO2-induced enhancement in photosynthesis “was 31.7-52.1% in DRSH1 and 25.5-42.8% in DRSF 113,” that (2) “plants grown under elevated CO2 concentration showed 61-68% gains in biomass and 35-46% increases in seed yields of both genotypes,” that (3) “oil content increased significantly in DRSF 113 (15%), that (4) “carbohydrate seed reserves increased with similar magnitudes in both the genotypes under elevated CO2 treatment (13%),” and that (5) “fatty acid composition in seed oil contained higher proportions of unsaturated fatty acids (oleic and linoleic acid) under elevated CO2 treatment,” which result they say “is a desirable change in oil quality for human consumption.”

Also check out data for Canola, here: Canola [Brassica napus]

You can check out the rest of the extensive data-base here: Dry Weight (Biomass)

Any temperature rise is warmly welcomed too. The Accelerating Growth Rates of Central European Forest Stands (13 February 2015)
For the past 140 years they have been significantly increasing, and doing so in spite of extended periods of both acid rain and drought conditions …  
not forgetting, reportedly, warmer weather!

Sunflowers between Lawrence and Tonganoxie

4820 x 2516 · 10798 kB · jpeg

jeffjacobsen.wordpress.com

 

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climate “group think” … “poorly founded speculation”

Garth Paltridge, former CSIRO research scientist bags the the latest propaganda sheet from AAS, here at Jonova.

[…] Paltridge wishes the Academy of Science would focus on real problems like “group think”, the lack of polite debate, and the failures of bureaucratized “peer review”.

Maybe the Academy could use the resource of its overall fellowship to identify those situations where scientists have too much skin in a political game.  President Eisenhower foresaw that problem many years ago in his retirement speech to the nation:  “The prospect of domination of the nation’s scholars by federal employment, project allocations, and the power of money is ever present — and is gravely to be regarded.  Yet, …… we must also be alert to the equal and opposite danger that public policy could itself become the captive of a scientific-technological elite”.

———————————–

Garth Paltridge is a former CSIRO Chief Research Scientist and Director of the Antarctic Cooperative Research Centre. He wrote The Climate Caper, reviewed here.

Read it all (Jonova)

The SMH parrot report is here. No fact checking here please. Dr John Ray, at Greenie Watch,  explains: You couldn’t make this up

The Australian Academy of Science has just issued an updated “explanation” of global warming.  They note that “Most available material … usually omits some of the basics, such as how scientists know humans are causing global warming and what future projections are based on”.  So in their latest “explanation”, what did they do to remedy that deficiency?   Below is their full “explanation” of how human activities enhance the ‘greenhouse effect’:

“Today, human activities are directly increasing atmospheric concentrations of CO2, methane and nitrous oxide, plus some chemically manufactured greenhouse gases such as halocarbons. These human-generated gases enhance the natural greenhouse effect and further warm the surface. In addition to the direct effect, the warming that results from increased concentrations of long-lived greenhouse gases can be amplified by other processes. Human activities are also increasing aerosols in the atmosphere, which reflect some incoming sunlight. This human-induced change offsets some of the warming from greenhouse gases”

In short, they have done NOTHING to fill the gap they identified.  Their screed is all just assertion and in any case completely ignores the key question of climate sensitivity — i.e. even if we accept everything they say above about the greenhouse effect, how do we know HOW BIG the effect will be?  Most skeptics do believe that there is some human effect but can see neither theoretical nor empirical grounds for expecting it to be anything but trivial.  It is the Warmists who shriek about it not being trivial but what is their evidence for that?  There is none.  It is all just poorly founded speculation

If that’s the best that the scientific establishment can do to explain Warmist beliefs, then the explanation is an utter failure. One wonders if they really believe in Warmism themselves. […]

???????????????????????????????

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creative tampering …

How they warmed the world: fiddled the figures like this from Steve Goddardhttps://stevengoddard.files.wordpress.com/2015/02/giss-1981-1999-20144.gif?w=640

The Greatest Scientific Fraud Of All Time—Part III
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