weekly report …

…A big week coming up on sowing seeds, last week’s selection are springing up, including the fabulous Sturt’s Pea, Swainsona formosa:

Crotalaria verrucosa:

Potted up into large tubes were a number of Barringtonia acutangula, a Freshwater Mangrove that inhabits the Fitzroy River and most Kimberley Rivers.

Image of Barringtonia acutangula

 

Order: Ericales
Family: Lecythidaceae

Common name: Hijal, Samandar(Beng.); Indian oak(Eng.)
Edible Parts
:Timber, seed
Native Range: Native to coastal wetlands in southern Asia and northern Australasia, from Afghanistan east to the Philippines and Queensland.

Barringtonia acutangula is an evergreen tree of moderate size. A medium sized glabrous tree 10-15 m in height with pale grey slender young branches and rough dark brown bark; leaves simple, alternate, obovate-oblong or elliptic-cuneate. Flowers fragrant, dark scarlet, in pendulous many flowered racemes.

Medicinal Uses: Barringtonia acutangula tree has long been used for medicine, timber and as a fish poison. In traditional medicine, when children suffer from a cold in the chest, the seed is rubbed down on a stone with water and applied over the sternum, and if there is much dyspnoea a few grains with or without the juice of fresh ginger are administered internally and seldom fail to induce vomiting and the expulsion of mucus from the air passages.

Flowering now, in tubes, is this pink pea shrub. Some even moved to a Karratha landscape last week.

Now flowering in the nursery, some fleeing down for a landscape in the Pilbara town of Karratha

Tephrosea rosea

 

Jacquemontia pannosa

Jacquemontia pannosa

A beautiful shrub, flowering at the moment, so I will be looking for seed soon.

Then 31mm of rain on Friday night capped off a good week. The new crew on a work for the dole project did very well:

killing off and removing noxious weeds, Bellyache Bush

killing off and removing noxious weeds, Bellyache Bush

Some of the Gossypium here were potted up.

Gossypium

Gossypium

and a few of these went to Karratha too, Davenpotia davenportii, a creeper or small climber:

Davenportia davenportii

Davenportia davenportii

A good week

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bias in science … and the left’s “appeal to authority”

Some noted ‘mainstream media’ gets taken to task, on the definition of science:

What Defines A Scientist?

460px-Albert_Einstein_Head

By WUWT Regular “Just The Facts”

According to USA Today on April 3rd and repeated on April 4th:

“Keith Baugues is not a scientist, but that didn’t stop him on a recent wintry day from expressing skepticism about global warming — something that is broadly accepted in the scientific community.”

“Baugues studied engineering at Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology in Terre Haute and has spent six years at the Department of Environmental Management and nine years with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.” USA Today

So what did Keith Baugues write such that USA Today chose to identify him as “not a scientist”?:

Follow the discussion into the realms of the unbelievable morass of climate science:

Continue reading

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bitter, twisted and funny … ‘nutters’ in the media

The Labor Party’s *former punch drunk* leader Mark Latham may soon be embroiled in another stoush, this time with Michael Smith over the AWU scandal/Gillard affair. We may expect to see some legal fireworks over the article Latham published in the Australian Financial Review this weekend.

Perusing the sour and bitter column, linked below, one could easily change the words around, as I have done below, to show it’s Latham projecting his own shortcomings and biases about his support for former Prime Minister Gillard, despite the Police investigation going on into her Union Lawyer activities.

 

Mark Latham is a thug and bully. Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mark_Latham

Continue reading

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“CO2 is our friend” …

Thanks to CO2, the world is doing better than ever. Crops are producing records, extreme events are fewer and the oceans are blooming, read the rest here:

‘World doing just fine; Global Warming is Good; CO2 is our friend’ say Scientists

The latest verdict is in on ‘climate change’ – and the news is good. The planet is greening, the oceans are blooming, food production is up, animals are thriving and humans are doing better than ever: and all thanks to CO2 and global warming.

(via Junk Science) …

Greenpeace Co-Founder Dr. Patrick Moore corrects Gore: ‘It’s carbon dioxide, not carbon, and it’s not pollution, it’s the most important food for all life on Earth’

the oceans are blooming

the oceans are blooming

 

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it’s all about “lies and exaggeration” … again

The joke is on the desperation of the global warming religion. Dr Woodcock is the latest to mock global warming:

 

The seriously disturbed warmists however feel that it’s their duty to ramp up the scares with exaggerations and even lies with data manipulation, finally admitting their disturbing agenda:

Bloomberg’s Clive Crook: “Scare Tactics Fail Climate Scientists, and Everyone Else’ – ‘The main reason for the disconnect between the science and the public is the gross tactical incompetence of the climate-science community’

My opinion, for what it’s worth is that warming is beneficial, if it happens, and I am not alone:

 

 

 

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an El Nino may begin soon …

There’s a distinct possibility of an El Nino weather pattern developing over the next few months. This post from Dr Ryan Maue describes all the details, but it’s worth reading the comments to see what may be the final result.

My response: Eastern Australia often experiences drought during an El Nino, but this time it looks different with a warmer looking Indian Ocean.

The first of this years (early) Northwest cloudbands is about to dump billions of dollars of global warming moisture from the Indian Ocean onto Australian farmland, cattle stations and deserts, as it spreads the rain from the N West to the S East. Or so the Weather Channel tells us!
More carbon please!

Could we be in for a Super El Niño this year like the one in 1997/98?

Pools of warm water known as Kelvin waves can be seen traveling eastward along the equator (black line) in this Sept. 17, 2009, image from the NASA/French Space Agency Ocean Surface Topography Mission/Jason-2 satellite. El Ninos form when trade winds in the equatorial western Pacific relax over a period of months, sending Kelvin waves eastward across the Pacific like a conveyor belt. Image credit: NASA/JPL Ocean Surface Topography Team

Dr. Ryan Maue is seeing hints of a beginning in ocean heat content satellite visualizations.

Maue writes on Twitter:

Quick look at 1997 TC Ocean Heat content anomaly for April 4 shows equatorial extreme + anoms … compare to 2014

1997_OHC_WestPacific

And here is April 2014:

Maue writes on Twitter:

Here’s the April 4, 2014 TC Ocean Heat content e.g. depth of 26° isotherm. Like 1997

2014_OHC_westpacific

Certainly, some similarities exist, and it appears the warm pool is just a bit bigger than the one in 1997. If the forecast is to be relied on, we expect to see some sort of ENSO event this year:

nino34Mon[1]

More at the WUWT ENSO page

Of course, there’s no doubt that should this build into a full-blown ENSO event, we’ll hear things like “Trenberth’s missing heat has returned, and it’s angry” and “the global warming pause that we didn’t admit existed before is now over”

Storms showing from Cable Beach at last night’s sunset show the harbinger of last night’s storms that brought us 31mm of wonderful wet stuff. This is above our long term April average, so any more will be a bonus! Broome Airport

the beginning of last night's storm

the beginning of last night’s storm

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mud crawling animals at the beach …

I am posting this video now, as I haven’t yet seen it, and I would like to see how it works out on this page. The animal in question would not be easily seen normally, it is in the ‘mud zone’ of the beach at very low tide.

Update, Yikes, noisy and shaky, it was  a very strong sea breeze at the time

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the wonder of seeds …

This article is what my main interest is in, the collection and use of viable seed in nursery and rehabilitation practices. seeds are such a wondrous item that evolution has created for the proliferation of life sustaining futures for plant life.

They are as variable as they can possibly be, with wings, hard coats, spines, etc, and their capsules display a wide range of disposal methods from explosive to floating in the wind.

Research is currently underway here to understand all these mechanisms in order to enhance regeneration practices, especially in mining:

Written by 

“If we can understand and improve the persistence of the species in the stored top soil, then when we restore the mine site and replace the top soil, we may have many more of the native species germinating and re-establishing,” A/Prof Renton says. “If we can understand and improve the persistence of the species in the stored top soil, then when we restore the mine site and replace the top soil, we may have many more of the native species germinating and re-establishing,” A/Prof Renton says. Norsk Hydro ASA

RESEARCHERS have pooled their expertise to investigate factors that affect the survival of seeds, resulting in a framework that can help both eradicate weeds and maintain desirable plant populations. 

The study is the first comprehensive review to explore the mechanistic seed and environmental factors that influence seed persistence and synthesise them into a model to aid future predictions in a range of environments.

University of Western Australia School of Plant Biology Associate Professor Michael Renton says the collaboration was born out of a lack of a comprehensive review integrating existing knowledge.

“We organised a workshop that included some world authorities, to bring all our different areas of expertise together, and this review was the result,” A/Prof Renton says.

“Each researcher specialises in seed persistence, but in different ways, such as mathematical modelling, seed biochemistry, seed ecology and practical management.”

Over almost five years, researchers explored seed, species and environmental factors that contribute to seed persistence, incorporating physiological, biochemical and ecological perspectives.

Seed persistence allows a species, population or genotype to survive long after the death of parent plants, thus distributing genetic diversity through time.

Researchers found seed dormancy, longevity, and defence characteristics all contribute to a seed’s ability to resist exiting the soil seed bank.

They also concluded abiotic and biotic conditions pre- and post-dispersal can alter seed dormancy, longevity and germination characteristics.

Understanding seed persistence is essential for helping design effective weed management programs.

When invasive weeds need to be eradicated, the persistence of the weed seeds strongly impacts how long weed control needs to be maintained.

When the aim is for plant species to persist, there may be things that can be done in the intervening years to encourage survival and to work towards restoring and conserving the species.

“On a mine site, for example, we may remove the top soil, and store it while mining occurs,” A/Prof Renton says.

“If we can understand and improve the persistence of the species in the stored top soil, then when we restore the mine site and replace the top soil, we may have many more of the native species germinating and re-establishing.”

A/Professor Renton says the framework will be useful in the practical management of weeds and plants.

“We hope it can be a first stop for people interested in this topic and point them in the right direction to find more specialised reports,” A/Professor Renton says.

The study can be found here.

Notes: Image by Norsk Hydro ASA

Collecting seed is the best part of the experience, as you wander around the countryside, wondering at the diversity of the flora and fauna with a camera and a collecting bucket!

Separating seed from chaff

Separating seed from chaff

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Cable Beach ‘mud reef’, exposed at low tide …

Here are  a few few more images of a living mud reef which is only occasionally exposed at low tide, with a fabulous Cable beach sunset. I have reduced the image size somewhat to my usual offerings, so if you want them larger, let me know. Click to enlarge:

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voting, and voter fraud …

I just voted early in the recalled Senate election in Western Australia. I asked the official if he had heard about this: Massive Voter Fraud Discovered in North Carolina’s 2012 Election Continue reading

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